Strength exercises for amputees

General strength exercises for amputees, with or without prosthesis

Good strength throughout the body is necessary to master the use of prostheses for amputees. Training of the amputation stump is especially important as it guides the prosthesis and is a starting point for being able to walk well and safely. There are many ways amputees can train strength

Here you will find some selected exercises for the abdomen, back, hips and amputation stump.

In addition to training on these exercises, it is a good idea to train your upper body / arms.

It is recommended to take 6-12 repetitions of each exercise. Take so many repetitions that you feel that the last repetition is heavy. Take a short rest so that the muscles have time to recover. Repeat this 2-3 times (= set). As your strength improves, you can increase your resistance. Then use an elastic band or weights to make the exercise heavier.

 

Abdominal exercises:

Sit ups:
Lie on your back with your knees bent and your foot on the floor. The amputation stump can rest on a pillow or similar. Pull your stomach in so that your lower back is pressed against the ground. Lift your head and upper body. Ensure a calm, smooth movement.

Rehearsals: 2-3 sets at 6-12

Slanted sit ups:
Lie on your back. Starting position as described above. Hold one arm behind your head and the other slightly to the side. Lift your head and upper body and turn in the direction of one knee. The lower back is kept in the floor.

Repeat to the opposite side.

Rehearsals: 2-3 sets on 6-12 reps for each side

Back exercises:

Flat back lift:

Lie on your stomach with your arms under your head. Pinch the seat together and lift your upper body off the floor.

Hold the position for a few seconds and lower your upper body back.

Rehearsals: 2-3 sets at 6-12

 

Abdominal diagonal lift:
Lie on your stomach with straight arms over your head.

Lift the opposite arm and leg off the floor alternately and slowly lower back.

Rehearsals: 2-3 sets on 6-12 reps for each side.

Three- / four-legged diagonal lift:
Stand on all fours (or 3 if you have a thigh amputation) with your head extended over your upper body. Tighten and stabilize the abdominal and lumbar region. Stretch alternately one arm and the opposite leg until they are in extension of the body.

If you have a thigh amputee, stretch your right and left arm alternately or move your buttocks.

Rehearsals: 2-3 sets at 6-12

Amputation stump / hip exercises:

Seat lift / pelvic lift:

Lie with both legs / stumps on a ball or pillow / box. Arms down the side.

Pull your stomach in and lift your pelvis up until you are lying on your shoulder blades.

Hold the position slightly before lowering calmly again.

Feel after using the buttocks on the amputated side as much as on the opposite side when lifting the pelvis.

Rehearsals: 2-3 sets at 6-12

 

Lateral one-leg lift / upper leg:
Lie on your side with straight legs and support your head with one hand. Lift the upper leg up and slowly down.

Make sure that the leg is in the right extension of the body or slightly backwards and that all movement takes place in the hip.

Rehearsals: 2-3 sets of 6-12 on each side.

Lateral leg lift / lower leg:
Lie on your side and support your head with one hand. Cross the upper leg over the lower leg.

Lift the lower leg up towards the ceiling and down again.

Rehearsals: 2-3 sets of 6-12 on each side.